The 2014 Nobel Prize for Literature goes to French writer Patrick Modiano, whom the Swedish Academy describes as “Marcel Proust of our time”.

Relatively unknown outside of France, Modiano’s works have centred on memory, oblivion, identity and guilt that often take place during the German occupation of World War Two. He has written roughly 30 works, which includes novels, children’s books and film scripts.

“You could say he’s a Marcel Proust of our time,” Peter Englund, permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy, tells reporters. The academy says the award worth 8mil Swedish kronor (RM3.62mil) for Modiano was “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation.”

Modiano was born in the Paris suburb of Boulogne-Billancourt in July 1945 – several months after the official end of Nazi occupation in late 1944. He was a protégé of novelist Raymond Queneau, famous for his experiments with language. 

“Of the unique things about him, one is of course his style which is very precise, very economical. He writes small, short, very elegant sentences,” says Englund, describing Modiano's style. “And he returns to generally the same topics again and again, simply because these topics cannot be exhausted.” 

Patrick Modiano: The winner of the 2014 Nobel Prize for Literature.

Some of Modiano’s more well-known works include A Trace of Malice and Honeymoon. He is also known for having co-written the script of Louis Malle’s controversial 1974 movie Lacombe Lucienabout a teenager living under the Occupation who is rejected by the French resistance and falls in with pro-Nazi collaborators.

Modiano became a household name in France during the late 1970s, culminating with him winning the country's prestigious Prix Goncourt in 1978 for Rue des boutiques obscures. But the writer never appeared comfortable before cameras and soon withdrew from the gaze of publicity. But he continues to write prolifically – his latest work is the novel Pour que tu ne te perdes pas dans le quartier.

“After each novel, I have the impression that I have cleared it all away,” Modiano tells France Today in a 2011 interview. “But I know I’ll come back over and over again to tiny details, little things that are part of what I am. In the end, we are all determined by the place and the time in which we were born.”

Jo Lendle, his German publisher, says: ‎”He was an author that was on the list for a long long time. “We waited with him and now he won the prize. We are overwhelmed.”

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls says: “He is undoubtedly one of the greatest writers of recent years, of the early 21st century. This is well-deserved for a writer who is moreover discreet, as is much of his excellent work.”

Bookies had made him one of the favourites along with Japanese writer Haruki Murakami and Kenyan writer Ngugi wa Thiong’o. US writer Philip Roth, a perennial contender, was also overlooked.

The most number of winners of the literature prize have gone to authors who have written first in English, followed by French and German. Modiano is the 11th person from France to win the literature prize – the last was Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clezio in 2008.

Literature is the fourth category that has been announced for this year’s Nobel Prizes – coming up next is the Nobel Peace Prize. The prizes are so named after Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite, and have been given out since 1901 for achievements in science, literature and peace in accordance with his will. – Reuters