Travellers could find themselves on the wrong side of the law if they are unaware of the rules in force at some tourist sites.
Here is an overview of the curious bans in place in various Mediterranean countries.
Peeing in the sea: Urinating in the water is par for the course for many beachgoers, especially if there is no toilet nearby.
But anyone caught peeing in the sea on the sandy beaches of Lepe in south-western Spain faces a fine of up to €750 (RM3,780).
How exactly the authorities prove a violation of this rule remains unclear.
Sand castles: At several beaches on Tenerife, holidaymakers who make sand castles and sculptures face a fine. For “aesthetic reasons”, apparently.
On the northern Spanish beach at Santander, listening to music and eating are forbidden, as are riding, ball games and surfing.
At the Beach in Rome, in Ostia, building sand castles and eating are permitted. But leaning against row boats parked on the beach is forbidden at some bathing areas.
Leaving your skateboard uncovered: In Valencia, eating at the beach is banned, and means of transportation such as skateboards, roller blades and bikes must be covered up. The ban aims to help keep things civilised on the beach and the promenades, according to a spokesman.
Sex on the beach: In Tossa de Mar, Catalonia, it is now strictly forbidden to have sex on the beach. Bachelor parties have also been banned there since 2009.
Soap: In Benidorm on the Spanish Costa Blanca, where the population climbs from around 70,000 to 1.5 million during the summer, bans include spending the night on the beach, playing beach tennis or other disruptive sports, and washing kitchen appliances or oneself in the sea using soap or shampoo.
Reserving a spot: This ban could particularly affect Germans, who have the dubious reputation of getting up early while on vacation to secure themselves a good spot in the sun.
The beach resort of Torrox on the Costa del Sol in Malaga has banned the practice of “reserving” a piece of the beach since 2014.
Sun loungers, parasols and other items which are misused for such purposes will be removed.
Stealing stones: In ancient cities in Greece, it is strictly forbidden to take stones with you. This also goes for stones which apparently have nothing to do with Ancient Greece.
Anyone caught in the act could end up spending the night in a police station, until state archaeologists deliver an assessment that the item is not of archaeological importance.
Standing still: In Venice, signs instruct tourists not to stay standing on the bridges in the usually completely overcrowded city.
Otherwise, this could lead to congestion, which drives the locals crazy.
Going topless: Italy is a Catholic country, so watch out for the dress code. Men too – at least in theory – face a penalty for walking around, or lying in the park, topless.
Picnics: Visitors to the historic centres of Rome and Florence should take care where they sit down.
Rome has issued a decree to protect the city’s fountains from vandalism. A police officer with a whistle will scare away anyone sitting on the edge of the Trevi Fountain, for instance. Bathing in the fountain can cost up to €500 (RM2,520).
Florence is experimenting with other methods to combat picnickers. Authorities spray church squares in the city centre with water around noon, to prevent tourists from sitting there to eat. A similar scheme was implemented on the island of Capri.
Also in Florence, the following advice to tourists was conveyed in the form of erasable graffiti made from yoghurt: “Be aware! If you buy from illegal street vendors you feed crime. You can be fined up to €7,000”.
Fake centurions: The city authorities in Rome want to stop so-called centurions from loitering around outside the Coliseum and hassling tourists.
These men, dressed as ancient Roman legionaries, pose outside landmarks in the Italian capital with helmets, plastic swords and shields.
In the view of the city council, the centurions are more than just an unpleasant sight. Some charge tourists extortionate amounts for snapshots and get aggressive if they think the tips are not large enough. Any centurion breaching the rule faces a fine of €400 (RM2,020). – dpa/Emilio Rappold und Annette Reuther