Parents talking to their children about sex and contraception appears to encourage teens to engage in safer sexual activity, finds new research.
Carried out by researchers at North Carolina State University and the University of Pittsburgh, both in the United States, the new study set out to investigate whether parent-based sexual health interventions could improve the outcomes of their teenager’s sexual health.
Parent-based interventions are programmes that work with parents, and often their children too, to address issues such as communicating about sex, providing sexual health information and encouraging safer sex behaviour.
“People have been studying parent-based sexual health interventions for decades and we wanted to know how effective they are, as well as whether there are specific features of these interventions that make them more effective,” explains the paper’s first author Laura Widman.
For their study, the team analysed 31 randomised controlled trials, involving a total of 12,464 adolescents between the ages of nine and 18.
The findings, published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics, showed that interventions appeared to have a positive effect on teens’ sexual behaviour and health by increasing condom use and improving parent-child sexual communication.
Interventions were also found to be more effective when they focused on teenagers aged 14 or younger, when they included both parents and children equally, and when the programme totalled 10 hours or more.
“These are variables that make sense intuitively: reaching kids when they’re younger, and often, more willing to listen; involving both parents and adolescents; spending more time on the subject matter – none of those are particularly surprising,” Widman says.
“However, it’s good to see that the data bears this out.”
However, there was no significant association between interventions and delaying adolescents’ sexual activity.
“In other words, the kids who were taught about sexual health did not become sexually active any earlier than kids who were not part of the interventions – but kids who were part of the interventions were more likely to use condoms when they did become sexually active,” she says.
The researchers also found that some more specific interventions may be worth exploring further.
“For example, we found only one intervention that targeted fathers, and it worked very well,” Widman says.
“Similarly, there was only one intervention aimed specifically at parents of sons, which also worked very well.
“This suggests that it may be worthwhile to pursue broader efforts to assess the effectiveness of gender-specific interventions for parents and adolescents.” – APF Relaxnews