Thailand’s annual vegetarian festival kicked off last week, a time of year when the Southeast Asian country’s meat-heavy dishes get a vegetarian makeover.

Known locally as “Teskan Gin Jay”, or vegan festival, it takes place over 10 days and began over 150 years ago on the tourist island of Phuket, some 840km south of Bangkok.

Thailand is home to the largest overseas Chinese community in the world and the festival is a time when Thai-Chinese, often third or fourth generation Chinese who grew up in Thailand, observe 10 days of abstinence.

A vendor prepares meat substitute for vegetarian food at a market in Chinatown, Bangkok, Thailand, October 14, 2015. REUTERS/Athit Perawongmetha

Meat substitutes often include soy proteins made to look like the real thing, to varying degrees of success.

Eating meat, drinking alcohol and having sex are thought to be vices and pollutants of the body and mind to be cut out entirely by the truly devoted.

“Eating vegetarian food during the festival purifies your mind and washes away your sins,” said Lamyu Manolai, 59, a food vendor. “It’s like going to a temple.”

In Bangkok’s Chinatown, yellow flags baring the words “purified” and “merit” flutter along Yaowarat Road, the area’s main thoroughfare, a smorgasbord of vegan and vegetarian food stalls.

The food sold here is often made from meat substitutes including soy proteins made to look like the real thing, to varying degrees of success.

Fish maw soup, the neighbourhood’s signature dish, made with bamboo mushrooms, looks convincingly like its meat-based original.

People shop for vegetarian food at a market in Chinatown, Bangkok. Photo: Reuters/Athit Perawongmetha

Standing in front of her family-run food stall, Jutharatn Charoensawang, 47, chats away to customers who take pictures of her baked taro rice served in clay pots.

Part of a third-generation Thai-Chinese family which has been selling food in Chinatown for over a hundred years, she believes abstaining from meat is a direct ticket to heaven.

“If you go vegetarian for 10 days each year during the festival, you will go to heaven,” she said. “I truly believe it.” – Reuters/Patpicha Tanakasempipat