My kitchen counter has changed a lot over the last six years. What used to be dedicated to a bowl of fruit, a coffeemaker, various papers, and mail that I haven’t gotten around to throwing away yet has become a mess of wires coiling back to one put-upon outlet.
A rotating set of smartphones, tablets, Bluetooth speakers, and headphones have made their way to the counter as well, pointing to a broader set of changes in the house. Our family, which includes a five-year-old and three-year-old tot, has a lot of mobile device stuff.
We aren’t the only ones. Recently, we released the third wave of the The Common Sense Census: Media Use By Kids Age Zero To Eight, an ongoing series tracking the use of media and technology among kids in the United States.
Beginning in 2011 and repeating again in 2013, these surveys offer a once-in-a-lifetime look to see how new technologies have been enmeshing themselves in our children’s lives. Based on a representative sample of more than 1,400 parents from all over the US, the survey paints a complex portrait of increasingly mobile families.
Some of the key findings include: Mobile is nearly universal. Nearly all children age eight-and-under live in a home with some type of mobile device, the same percentage that have a TV in the home.
In 2011, only 41% of families had a mobile device; now 95% do. In 2011, less than 10% of families had a tablet; now nearly 80% do. The amount of screen media hasn’t changed much, but how kids use media has changed a lot.
Children eight-and-under spend an average of two-and-a-quarter hours a day with screen media, almost exactly the same amount they devoted to screens in 2011. But much more of that time is spent on mobile devices. The average amount of time spent with mobile devices each day has tripled (again), going from five minutes a day in 2011 to 15 minutes a day in 2013 to 48 minutes a day in 2017.
Parents and paediatricians are sometimes at odds on media behaviours. Contrary to recommendations from paediatricians, many children use media shortly before bedtime, and many families leave the TV on in the background most of the time.
The world has changed a lot since 2011, and my kitchen counter reflects that. Every bit of research about children’s media habits helps us better understand the world they are growing up in.
Mobile devices are popular with children, just as they are with adults, making it all the more important to set a good example. That could mean putting your device away at dinner, or turning off screens a little earlier before bed.
There are tons of great TV, apps and other media for kids under the age of eight, so when they’re using media, try to steer them toward the good stuff.
Finally, though we’re only beginning to understand the impact of new technologies in family life, there’s plenty we know about how to support young kids’ healthy development.
Talk with them, ask questions, give them lots of experiences in the real world. And have them tell you about what they’re watching and playing – it’s a great way to make media experiences more meaningful. – Common Sense Media/ Tribune News Services/Michael Robb