Once upon a time – namely, in the 1950s in the United States and not much longer after that around the world – televisions were big and clunky, yet also status symbols that warranted a prominent spot in living rooms. Then came the 1980s, aka the Era of the Armoire. Electronics were to be hidden, preferably in pieces of huge, clunky furniture we’d all wonder what to do with in five years.

Fast forward, and flat-panel TVs seem to be everywhere – in kitchen backsplashes, behind bathroom medicine-cabinet mirrors, and outdoors. “TVs are as important to my clients as dining tables or king-sized beds,” says Chicago interior designer Jessica Lagrange.

And because they’re larger, thinner and lighter weight, there’s greater ease and flexibility about where to place them.

Such freedom has led to a conundrum, however: whether to hide them or to display them for what they’ve become – today’s sign of advancing technology, almost akin to integrative artwork.

We consulted a host of professionals on what they think are the best way to incorporate TVs into room design. Here’s what we heard:

Hide it: If you prefer a traditional look, Los Angeles designer Sarah Barnard says: “I typically hide it in cabinetry or a wall unit when the style is traditional, since we’re looking back, which means a more classic look. Years ago, decor would not have included unsightly electronics,” she says.

Can you spot the TV? To keep the room uncluttered the TV has been placed in an armoire.

Can you spot the TV? To keep the room uncluttered the TV has been placed in an armoire.

But because the newer TVs are much larger, a cabinet often has to be custom made to fit it and hide the gear, which can end up being expensive. The good news is that the slimness of these TVs pares the depth and makes the cabinetry jut out less, says Chicago architect Elissa Morgante.

Designer Melissa Lewis, also in Chicago, prefers to find or design the cabinet first; with so many TV sizes, there’s always one that fits.

Atlanta designer Barbara Elliott prefers to leave a TV in a cabinet in view to avoid the extra step of opening a door or sliding a panel.

Flaunt it: When a more contemporary decor is preferred, Barnard favours leaving the TV in full view since a modern look is more forgiving of technology. Linc Thelen in Chicago, concurs. “Sometimes a TV is just a TV, and it’s OK to show it off in the way you leave an appliance in full view in a kitchen,” he says.

Lagrange also likes to celebrate the sleekness of the latest designs. “Now that they look really good they’re often so handsome that they’re anything but obtrusive. Deciding whether to leave them out in the open or hide them depends on the homeowner’s preferences and aesthetics of each space,” she says.

A narrow cabinet in a family room sports sliding panels that mask the TV for more formal occasions. Interesting artwork on the panels make sure they do double duty as a spot to display the homeowner’s art collection.

A narrow cabinet in a family room sports sliding panels that mask the TV for more formal occasions.

Camouflage it: If you’re not sure, consider a middle ground. Some tactics won’t hide it completely or leave it in full view, but can make it a bit less noticeable: San Francisco designer Claudia Juestel may surround it with a frame to match a room’s decor; Morgante may paint or wallpaper using a dark palette, so the black TV almost disappears; Thelen may surround it with books in a bookcase as another way to mask it; Lewis favours grass-cloth wallpaper to add texture and coziness; Milwaukee designer Suzan Wemlinger may place it in a corner piece that’s an adjunct rather than the major star.

Lower it: Most people place wall-installed TVs too high, says Elliott. Greg Porthan, custom audio and video installation manager at an electronics store in Illinois, recommends hanging it 116cm (46 inches) off the ground in a living space where you sit to watch and between 132cm and 139cm (52 and 55 inches) high in a bedroom, since you’re likely sitting up or lying down.

Skip it: Many homeowners are also reassessing whether to include a TV in some rooms, particularly the bedroom, because viewing a screen’s blue light before sleep disrupts the release of melatonin, which helps you sleep.

For this combined living-dining room, the flat-screen TV has been placed on a low console so it can be seen whether people are sitting or dining.

For this combined living-dining room, the flat-screen TV has been placed on a low console so it can be seen whether people are sitting or dining.

Embrace it: Architect Stuart Cohen in Illinois is finding that some clients are making their TV the focal point of their living room. “It’s more and more the feature that helps centre a room,” he says. Some even want a TV in their bathroom, and medicine cabinet manufacturers like Robern deliver by incorporating TVs, along with interior outlets for MP-player hookups.

Size it: Whatever direction you take, choose a TV that’s in proportion to the size of the room. If the TV’s too large, it will throw off the entire room. And a large TV likely will be too close to the couch for safe viewing in a small room, Lewis says. Elliott agrees and suggests a 54- to 60-inch TV that’s 3m or so from the couch or chairs in a typical 4.5m-by-6m room. – Chicago Tribune/Tribune News Service/Barbara Ballinger